Prostate cancer occurs when a malignant tumor forms in the tissue of the prostate, a gland in the male reproductive system. It is the third most common cause of death from cancer in men of all ages and is the most common cause of death from cancer in men over 75 years old. Prostate cancer is rarely found in men younger than 40.
Some types of prostate cancer grow slowly and may need minimal or no treatment, other types are aggressive and can spread quickly. How fast the cancer grows and how different it is from surrounding tissue helps determine the stage of the cancer.
Treatment may include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, or hormone therapy that affect the cancer. Some men who have prostate surgery opt for a technique called nerve-sparing surgery. This technique saves the nerves on each side of the prostate gland that control a man's ability to have an erection.
The Cancer Program has multiple treatment options for prostate cancer using radiation therapy. External beam radiation therapy using IMRT with IGRT, brachytherapy using HDR, and Prostate Seed Implantation, are options for localized disease.
We use the most current equipment with cutting-edge technology. These treatments allow the physician to deliver a higher and more accurate dose of radiation to the prostate gland while avoiding normal structures. The chance of cure is improved and side effects are diminished.
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Learn more about Prostate Cancer.
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